335837
 Home :: Frequently Asked Questions
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
 

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Glossary


1. Glossary

.my the top-level domain name for Malaysia (see link here)

 

client a computer that dials into a network and uses the services of another computer (called a server). Each client has a unique IP address, either a permanent one or one that is dynamically assigned to them each dial-up session

 

DNS (Domain Name System) technology that allows domain names to be translated into IP addresses (click here)

 

domain name a textual address pointing to a host machine on the Internet, e.g. www.abc.com.my; it identifies one or more IP addresses (click here)

 

domain name database this is the database of domain names kept in the name server

 

handle This is a pointer that enables a program to access a resource; it’s also a nickname used for identification, so that information can be quickly located

 

host A computer that is attached to a network such as the Internet. Hosts allow users on client machines to connect and share files or transfer information

 

host machine the machine that contains and maintains a database of domain names 

 

hostname the name given to a host computer

 

in-addr.arpa the Internet uses a special domain to support gateway location and Internet address-to-host mapping. This domain begins at IN-ADDR.ARPA. The intent of this domain is to facilitate queries to locate all gateways on a particular network in the Internet. It is also meant to provide a guaranteed method to perform host address to hostname mapping

 

IP Internet Protocol is the mechanism being used in the Internet to route packets of information from network to network (click here)

 

IP address the address of a computer on the Internet; it appears in numerical form, e.g. 192.228.180.200 (also known as network address) (click here)

 

IP address, allocating each client and server on a network must have a unique IP address. Clients either have a permanent address or one that is dynamically assigned to them each dial-up session

 

ISP (Internet Service Provider) a service provider that provides Internet access and other value-added services; in Malaysia, JARING, for instance, is an ISP

 

label a component between the dots in a domain name. For e.g. in www.abccompany.com.my, www, abccompany, com and my are all labels
name server servers that store domain name information or get domain name information from other name servers and store them temporarily in caches to eliminate unnecessary network traffic (click here)

 

network address also known as IP address

 

personal domain name MYNIC defines this as a third level domain name that can be registered by individuals only, and is meant only for personal use
primary name server the main name server of a domain name (click here)

 

protocol a format for transmitting data between two devices

 

record a group of units of related data about a subject; a group of records makes a file

 

root the top of the Domain Name System hierarchy

 

root server the machine that contains a database of all top-level domain names

 

resolver a DNS client that queries the name server to resolve an Internet hostname

 

second level domain in the Domain Name System (DNS), the next level of the hierarchy underneath the top level domain. In a domain name, that portion of the domain name that appears immediately to the left of the top-level domain. For example, in this domain name www.abc.com.my, the second level domain is com.my, whilst in the domain name www.abc.com, it’s abc.com

 

secondary name server a server that acts as an alternative to the primary name server, and contains the same information (see above)

 

server a computer that provides services on a network to other computers (called clients). Each server on the Internet has a unique IP address, to which one or more domain names refer

 

third level domain in the Domain Name System (DNS), the next level of hierarchy underneath the second level domain. In a domain name, that portion of the domain name that appears to the left of the second level domain. For example, in this domain name www.abc.com.my, the third level domain is abc.com.my. In Malaysia, it is this third level domain that can be registered with MYNIC
TLD (top level domain) in the Domain Name System (DNS), the highest level of the hierarchy after the root. In a domain name, that portion of the domain name that appears furthest to the right. It usually refers to a country, such as .my or .uk, or a generic name such as .com